Miscellaneous Expressions

Chaining assignments:

Very Commonly, in a program you want to initialize a set of variables with a same value, typically 0.

However, you can do this like

a = 0
b = 0
c = 0

But, there is another way called chaining assignments used by programmers.

a = b = c= 0

Now all the three variables have the same value.

chaining assignments in ruby

You can see that the variables a, b & c has the same value 0.

defined operator:

This is an interesting feature of ruby. Using this in an expression we can determine what type of identifier it is. We have defined the variable a. We can now use defined operator to identify what is a?

Defined opertor in Ruby

Since variable a is declared locally it returned as local-variable. Likewise, it returned method for printf and assignment for the expression a = 1.

Parallel Assignment:

Consider the variable a contains 5 and b contains 10 and now we have to swap the values of the variables.

It is done by,

a = 5
b = 10
temp = a
a = b
b = temp

Parallel Assignment in Ruby 1

But there is an efficient way to do this called parallel assignment. This can be done by a, b = b, a . Quiet simple. Right?

Parallel Assignment in Ruby 2

Initially the values of a and b is 5 and 10 and after parallel assignment, the values of a and b is swapped.