Go(or Golang) is an Open source programming language that focuses on Speed and Simplicity. It was developed at Google. It is a statically typed programming language and yields compiled machine code binaries. It is also a concurrent and garbage-collected language in nature.
It was created by developers at Google to create efficient software. Go ensures type safety and it also allows us to harness the multiple cores of processors that are used today.
It can be referred also as a modern-day programming language because the choices that the developers used while developing it make it much more agile and future-ready. Its compilation speeds are on par with most of the peer languages, and though it is a statically typed language it does feel like a dynamically typed language.