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# Java Program To Check Leap Year

A Leap Year is a year having 366 days. A year is said to be a leap year if the following conditions are satisfied:

• The year is a multiple of 400.
• The year is multiple of 4 but not 100.

Here, we are given a year and our task is to check whether the given year is a leap year or not. For example,

Input: 2019

Output: Not a leap year

## Program 1: Check Leap Year

In this method, we will directly check whether a year is a leap year or not in the main method itself.

### Algorithm

1. Start
2. Declare a variable let's say a year.
3. Initialize it.
4. Check for the conditions.
5. If the condition satisfies then it is a leap year else not.
6. Display the result.
7. Stop.

Below is the code for the same.

In the below program, we check whether the given year is a leap year or not in the main method itself.

``````//Java Program to check whether the given year is a leap year or not
import java.util.Scanner;

public class CheckYear
{
public static void main(String []args)
{
Scanner sc=new Scanner(System.in);
int year;   //Year Declaration
System.out.println("Enter the year");
year=sc.nextInt();   //Year Initialization

//Check for leap year
if(((year % 4 == 0) && (year % 100 != 0)) ||
(year % 400 == 0))
System.out.println(year+" is a leap year");
else
System.out.println(year+" is not a leap year");
}
}``````

Enter the year 1998
1998 is not a leap year

## Program 2: Check Leap Year

In this method, we will check whether the given year is a leap year or not using conditional operators.

### Algorithm:

1. Start
2. Declare a variable let's say a year.
3. Initialize it.
4. Use a ternary operator to check whether the given year is a leap year or not.
5. Call a method in the condition section of the ternary operator to check the same.
6. Return true if the year is a multiple of 400.
7. Else if the year is a multiple of 100, return false.
8. Else if the year is a multiple of 4 then it is a leap year and return true. Else return false.
9. Stop.

Below is the code for the same.

The below example demonstrates how to use a ternary operator to check for a leap year.

``````//Java Program to check whether the given year is a leap year or not
import java.util.Scanner;

public class CheckYear
{
static boolean checkLeapYear(int year)
{
// If a year is multiple of 400, then it is a leap year
if (year % 400 == 0)
return true;

// Else If a year is multiple of 100, then it is not a leap year
if (year % 100 == 0)
return false;

// Else If a year is multiple of 4, then it is a leap year
if (year % 4 == 0)
return true;
return false;
}

// Driver method
public static void main(String []args)
{
Scanner sc=new Scanner(System.in);
int year;   //Year Declaration
System.out.println("Enter the year");
year=sc.nextInt();   //Year Initialization

//Ternary Operator to check
System.out.println( checkLeapYear(2000)? "Leap Year" :
"Not a Leap Year" );
}

}``````

Enter the year 2012
Leap Year

## Program 3: Check Leap Year

In this method, we will check whether the given year is a leap year or not using functions.

### Algorithm:

1. Start
2. Declare a variable let's say year.
3. Initialize it.
4. Call a function to check.
5. Return true if the year is a multiple of 400.
6. Else if the year is a multiple of 100, return false.
7. Else if the year is a multiple of 4 then it is a leap year and returns true.
8. Using the if-else condition display the result.
9. Stop.

Below is the code for the same.

The below example demonstrates how to use functions to check for a leap year.

``````//Java Program to check whether the given year is a leap year or not using Functions
import java.util.Scanner;

public class CheckYear
{
static boolean checkLeapYear(int year)
{
// If a year is multiple of 400,
// then it is a leap year
if (year % 400 == 0)
return true;

// Else If a year is multiple of 100,
// then it is not a leap year
if (year % 100 == 0)
return false;

// Else If a year is multiple of 4,
// then it is a leap year
if (year % 4 == 0)
return true;
return false;
}

// Driver method
public static void main(String []args)
{
Scanner sc=new Scanner(System.in);
int year;   //Year Declaration
System.out.println("Enter the year");
year=sc.nextInt();   //Year Initialization
boolean check=checkLeapYear(year);
if(check)
{
System.out.println(year+" is a leap year");
}
else
{
System.out.println(year+" is not a leap year");
}
}

}``````

Enter the year 2018
2018 is not a leap year

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