PAIR Template in STL
NOTE: Although Pair and Tuple are not actually the part of container library but we'll still discuss them as they are very commonly required in programming competitions and they make certain things very easy to implement.
SYNTAX of pair is:
pair<T1,T2> pair1, pair2 ;
The above code creates two pairs, namely pair1 and pair2, both having first object of type T1 and second object of type T2.
Now T1 will be referred as first and T2 will be referred as second member of pair1 and pair2.
Pair Template: Some Commonly used Functions
Here are some function for pair template :
= : assign values to a pair.
- swap : swaps the contents of the pair.
- make_pair() : create and returns a pair having objects defined by parameter list.
- Operators( == , != , > , < , <= , >= ) : lexicographically compares two pairs.
Program demonstrating PAIR Template
using namespace std;
int main ()
pair<int,int> pair1, pair3; //creats pair of integers
pair<int,string> pair2; // creates pair of an integer an a string
pair1 = make_pair(1, 2); // insert 1 and 2 to the pair1
pair2 = make_pair(1, "Studytonight") // insert 1 and "Studytonight" in pair2
pair3 = make_pair(2, 4)
cout<< pair1.first << endl; // prints 1, 1 being 1st element of pair1
cout<< pair2.second << endl; // prints Studytonight
if(pair1 == pair3)
cout<< "Pairs are equal" << endl;
cout<< "Pairs are not equal" << endl;