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CSS grid-row-start Property

The grid-row-start property in CSS is known for specifying the start position of a grid item in the grid column by contributing a span, or a line to its grid placement and hence, specifies the block-start edge of the grid area of the item.

This property may be specified as a single grid-line value like- a custom-ident value or 'auto' keyword, an integer value, both the custom-ident and integer values separated by a space or the 'span' keyword with either an integer or a custom ident or both values.

Syntax

<grid-line>

where 
<grid-line> = auto | <custom-ident> | [ <integer> && <custom-ident>? ] | [ span && [ <integer> || <custom-ident> ] ]

Example 1: CSS grid-row-start Property

Here in the example below, we are using the grid-row-start property with different border styles, colors and their different values. In this case, we have given the grid-row-start property as somegridarea 4.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>

<head>
	<title>The grid-row-start property in CSS</title>
	<style type="text/css">
		.wrapper {
		  display: grid;
		  grid-template-columns: repeat(3, 1fr);
		  grid-auto-rows: 100px;
		  background-color: deeppink;
		  border: 4px solid blue;
		}
		
		.box1 {
		  grid-column-start: span somegridarea 5;
		  grid-column-end: 4;
		  grid-row-start: somegridarea 4;
		  grid-row-end: 3;
		  background-color: orange;
		  border: 4px solid red;
		}
		
		.box2 {
		grid-column-start: span somegridarea 5;
		  grid-row-start: somegridarea 4;
		  grid-row-end: 5;
		  background-color: purple;
		  border: 4px solid green;
		}
	</style>
</head>

<body>
	<div class="wrapper">
		<div class="box1">One</div>
		<div class="box2">Two</div>
		<div class="box3">Three</div>
		<div class="box4">Four</div>
		<div class="box5">Five</div>
	</div>
</body>

</html>

Output

Example 2: CSS grid-row-start Property

Here in the example below, we are using the grid-row-start property with different border styles, colors and their different values. In this case, we have given the grid-row-start property as span 3.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>

<head>
	<title>The grid-row-start property in CSS</title>
	<style type="text/css">
		.wrapper {
		  display: grid;
		  grid-template-columns: repeat(3, 1fr);
		  grid-auto-rows: 100px;
		  background-color: green;
		  border: 4px solid blue;
		}
		
		.box1 {
		  grid-row-start: span 3;
		  grid-column-end: 4;
		  grid-row-end: 3;
		  background-color: pink;
		  border: 4px solid red;
		}
		
		.box2 {
		grid-row-start: span 3;
		  grid-row-end: 5;
		  background-color: purple;
		  border: 4px solid red;
		}
	</style>
</head>

<body>
	<div class="wrapper">
		<div class="box1">One</div>
		<div class="box2">Two</div>
		<div class="box3">Three</div>
		<div class="box4">Four</div>
		<div class="box5">Five</div>
	</div>
</body>

</html>

Output

Live Example

Here in this live example, you can easily test the live coding and execute the example using different values or edit the coding and create your own example.

Browser Compatibility

The term 'browser compatibility' indicates the ability of a particular website to appear fully functional on several browsers, available in the market. This means that the HTML coding of the website and the scripts on that website must be compatible to run on the browsers. It is of immense importance today when there is a large variety of web browsers available.

Name of Browser Background size contain and cover
Chrome 57 57
Edge 16 16
Firefox 52 52
Internet Explorer no no
Opera 44 44
Safari 10.1 10.1
Webview Android 57 57
Chrome Android 57 57
Firefox Android 52 52
Opera Android 43 43
IOS Safari 10.3 10.3
Samsung Internet 6.0 6.0

Conclusion

The initial value for the grid-row-start property in CSS is 'auto'. This property is applicable to the grid items and to the absolutely positioned boxes where containing block is a grid container. It is not an inherited property. The computed value for this property is the as specified one.