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SQL Truncate, Drop or Rename a Table

In this tutorial we will learn about the various DDL commands which are used to re-define the tables.

TRUNCATE command

TRUNCATE command removes all the records from a table. But this command will not destroy the table's structure. When we use TRUNCATE command on a table its (auto-increment) primary key is also initialized. Following is its syntax,


Here is an example explaining it,


The above query will delete all the records from the table student.

In DML commands, we will study about the DELETE command which is also more or less same as the TRUNCATE command. We will also learn about the difference between the two in that tutorial.

DROP command

DROP command completely removes a table from the database. This command will also destroy the table structure and the data stored in it. Following is its syntax,

DROP TABLE table_name

Here is an example explaining it,

DROP TABLE student;

The above query will delete the Student table completely. It can also be used on Databases, to delete the complete database. For example, to drop a database,


The above query will drop the database with name Test from the system.

RENAME query

RENAME command is used to set a new name for any existing table. Following is the syntax,

RENAME TABLE old_table_name to new_table_name

Here is an example explaining it.

RENAME TABLE student to students_info;

The above query will rename the table student to students_info.