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Java LocalDate minusYears() Method

Java minusYears() method is used to subtract the specified years from the local-date. It returns a copy of this LocalDate with the specified number of years subtracted.

This method subtracts the specified years field in three steps:

  1. Subtract the input years from the year field

  2. Check if the resulting date would be invalid

  3. Adjust the day-of-month to the last valid day if necessary

For example, 2008-02-29 (leap year) minus one year would result in the invalid date 2007-02-29 (standard year). Instead of returning an invalid result, the last valid day of the month, 2007-02-28, is selected instead.

Syntax

public LocalDate minusYears(long yearsToSubtract)

Parameters:

It takes a prameter of long type to specify the amount of years.

Returns:

It returns a local date after subtracting the years.

Time for an Example:

Here, in this example, we are subtracting a year from the local-date. The minusYear() method returns a new date after subtracting the specified years. See the example below.

import java.time.LocalDate; 
public class DateDemo {
	
	public static void main(String[] args){  
		
		LocalDate localDate = LocalDate.of(2009, 10, 10);
		System.out.println(localDate);
		localDate = localDate.minusYears(1);
		System.out.println("New date : "+localDate);
	}
}


2009-10-10
New date : 2008-10-10

Time for another Example:

If after subtracting years, date is invalid then the result will be last valid day of the date. See, we subtracted a year from a leap year that lead to invalid date, so the compiler returned the last vaid day of date.

import java.time.LocalDate; 
public class DateDemo {
	
	public static void main(String[] args){  
		
		LocalDate localDate = LocalDate.of(2012, 02, 29);
		System.out.println(localDate);
		localDate = localDate.minusYears(1);
		System.out.println("New date : "+localDate);
	}
}


2012-02-29
New date : 2011-02-28

Live Example:

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