New Tutorials:   NUMPY    TKINTER    KOTLIN    JAVASCRIPT    SASS/SCSS    PL/SQL    Matplotlib    C++ Programs
See the Tutorial List

Java Integer rotateRight() Method

Java rotateRight() method is a part of the Integer class of the java.lang package. This method is used to return the value obtained by rotating two's complement of the binary equivalent of the number passed as an argument towards the right (i.e towards lower-order) by the distance specified in the argument.

This method is also based on the bit shifting operation where all the bits of the binary number are shifted left or right to a definite number of places. For example, rotateRight(10,1) refers to the rotation of a binary equivalent of 10 towards the right by one bit. The equivalent binary of 10 is 00001010, and by shifting 1 bit left it will be converted into 00000101 (i.e is equal to 5).

Syntax:

public static int rotateRight(int i, int distance) 

Parameters:

The parameters passed are integer value who's binary equivalent bits are to be rotated and int distance to specify the number of positions the bits are to be rotated.

Returns:

Returns the value obtained by rotating two's complement of the binary equivalent of the number passed as a parameter towards the right(i.e towards lower-order) by the distance passed in the method.

Example 1:

Here, a positive and a negative number is taken for a better understanding of the method. The Integer.toBinaryString() method is used for representing the number in its binary equivalent.

import java.lang.*;
public class StudyTonight 
{
   public static void main(String[] args)
   {
      int n1 = 8;
      int n2 = -8;
      int val = 3;     
      System.out.println("Binary equivalent is : " + Integer.toBinaryString(n1));      
      for(int i = 0; i < val; i++) 
      {
         n1 = Integer.rotateRight(n1, val); //returns the value after rotation
         System.out.println(n1);
      }       
      System.out.println("Binary equivalent is : " + Integer.toBinaryString(n2));
       
      for(int i = 0; i < val; i++) 
      {
         n2 = Integer.rotateRight(n2, val); //returns the value after rotation
         System.out.println(n2);
      }
   }
} 


Binary equivalent is : 1000
1
536870912
67108864
Binary equivalent is : 11111111111111111111111111111000
536870911
-469762049
-58720257

Example 2:

Here is a user-defined example where anyone using this code can put a value of his choice and get the equivalent output.

import java.lang.*;
import java.util.*;
public class StudyTonight 
{
   public static void main(String[] args)
   {
      try
      {
         System.out.println("Enter the value and distance");
         Scanner sc = new Scanner (System.in);
         int n = sc.nextInt();
         int val = sc.nextInt();        
         System.out.println("Binary equivalent is : " + Integer.toBinaryString(n));      
         for(int i = 0; i < val; i++) 
         {
           n = Integer.rotateRight(n, val); //returns the value after rotation
           System.out.println(n);
         }
      }
      catch(Exception e)
      {
        System.out.println("Invalid Input");
      }       
   }
} 


Enter the value and distance
6 3
Binary equivalent is : 110
-1073741824
402653184
50331648
*******************************
Enter the value and distance
-6 3
Binary equivalent is : 11111111111111111111111111111010
1610612735
-335544321
-41943041
************************************
Enter the value and distance
0x56 3
Invalid Input

Live Example:

Here, you can test the live code example. You can execute the example for different values, even can edit and write your examples to test the Java code.