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Written By:
AdarshKumarSingh
6 minute read
Manual Testingcritical bug

Top 15 Manual Testing Interview Question And Answers

Posted in Programming   OCTOBER 20, 2021

Manual Testing Interview Question

Manual Testing is a technique used to identify flaws. In this approach, the analyzer takes on the role of the end-user and inspects all aspects of the program to ensure proper operation. Manual testing is a critical kind of testing since it identifies flaws in the program being tested. It is preliminary testing that must be performed before automating the experiments and also serves to verify the mechanization testing's plausibility.

You may be wondering whether manual testing is necessary for today's digital age. Believe me when I say that manual testing is just as essential as automated testing since it allows you to test anything at any time. You may do random tests that are impossible to execute with automated testing. This is why manual testing is, and always will be, necessary. This implies that there will always be openings for manual testers. If you are going to sit for an interview for a position that requires manual testing abilities, I am certain that this article will help you. We've compiled a list of the most often asked interview questions based on manual testing to assist you in your interview preparation.

If you've just been invited to a manual testing interview, here are some of the most common interview questions and responses that will undoubtedly assist you. At this point, we've included a list of the most commonly asked Manual Testing Interview Question and their associated solutions to assist both freshers and experienced candidates in cracking this interview.

Question 1. What is software testing?


According to the ANSI/IEEE 1059 standards, software testing is a process of dissecting the program in order to identify the opposing features between the current and necessary software conditions (i.e. bugs and flaws) and to evaluate the software's highlights.

Question 2. Describe the manual testing method.


The Manual Testing Process Is As Follows:

  • Planning and Control
  • Analysis and Design
  • Implementation and Execution
  • Evaluating exit criteria and Reporting
  • Test Closure activities


Question 3. Describe the planning and control tasks.


The Following Major Tasks Are Included in Test Planning:

  • To define the extent and quantity of risks and to establish the testing objectives.
  • To provide guidelines for the test method.
  • To carry out the testing policy and/or the testing methods.

Question 4. Describe the Test Closure Activities' responsibilities.

The following Major Tasks are Included in Test Closure Activities:

  • To determine whether strategic deliverables have been met and to ensure that all incident reports have been handled effectively.
  • To validate and record testware, such as documents, testing environments, and so on, in order to reuse it in the future.
  • To provide the maintenance team with test software. They will provide the software with sustenance.
  • To evaluate how the testing went and to learn lessons for future releases and initiatives.

Question 5. Could you enumerate a couple of the characteristics of a test case?


A Test Case may have the following characteristics:

  • Id of the Test Case — A unique identifier for the test case.
  • Summary of Tests - Online comments or summaries for each test case.
  • Description — A detailed account of the test scenario.
  • Precondition or pre-requisite — A collection of basics that must be charted prior to the test steps being implemented.
  • Test Steps - Detailed instructions on how to conduct the test case.
  • Expected outcome - The predicted outcome in the direction of passing the exam.
  • Real result - The actual result obtained after completing the test procedures.
  • Test Result - Pass/Fail to execute the test.
  • Automation Status — Indicates whether an application is automated or not.
  • Date – The date on which the test was run.
  • Executed by – The name of the individual who executed the test case.

Question 6. How are you going to define a Critical Bug?


A critical issue is one that has the potential to impact the bulk of a program's functionality and prevents the application from being delivered to the end client until the bug is fixed. It is distinct from a blocker problem in that it does not obstruct or prevent testing of other components of the provided program.

Question 7. What is the purpose of a test closure?


Test Closure is the letter prepared prior to the test group completing the testing process officially. This note includes the total number of tests conducted, the total number of experiments completed, the total number of flaws found, the total number of defects resolved, the total number of bugs not resolved, and the total number of bugs rejected, and so on.

Question 8. What does the term "Top-Down Approach" mean?


Testing is conducted from top to bottom. The framework's high-level state modules are tested first, followed by low-level modules, and finally by integrating the low-level modules into a high-level state to ensure the framework operates as anticipated. If a module is not ready for integrated testing, stubs are used as a temporary module.

Question 9. What is a Bottom-Up Strategy?


Bottom-Up Approaches are diametrically opposed to Top-Down Approaches. Testing takes place at every level, beginning with the bottom floor. The lowest level modules are tested first, followed by high-level state modules, and finally by coordinating high-level state modules with the lowest level modules to ensure the framework fills in as planned. During integration testing, drivers are utilized to simulate a module.

Question 10. What are Techniques for Experience-Based Testing?

Methods based on inexperience, as well as individuals' information, skills, and basic knowledge, all contribute to the success of test conditions and experiments. Technical and commercial expertise is critical since they provide a variety of perspectives to the test examination and configuration process. As a result of their previous expertise with comparable frameworks, they may have some insight into what might go wrong, which is very beneficial for testing purposes.

Question 11. When is the Best Time to Halt Testing?


It is determined by the risk level connected with the system being evaluated. Certain circumstances make it permissible to stop testing.

  • Date of expiration (Testing, Release)
  • The funding for testing has been depleted.
  • The bug rate has decreased below a certain threshold.
  • Test cases concluded with a guaranteed proportion of passes Alpha or beta testing periods concluded
  • Reporting on whether or not code, functionality, or requirements are fulfilled to a certain level

Question 12. Why Are Decision Tables Used?


Equivalence dividing and boundary value analysis are often used in conjunction with specific situations or sources of information. However, if different combinations of sources of information result in different actions being performed, this may be more difficult to demonstrate using comparability apportioning and limiting value analysis, which tends to be more UI-centric.


The other two techniques based on determinations, choice tables, and state change testing, are more focused on business logic or business rules. A selection table is an effective way to handle mixtures of items (e.g. inputs). This technique is sometimes referred to as a 'cause effect table. The reason for this is because there is a similar reasoning charting technique known as 'cause-impact diagramming' that was employed at one point to assist in determining the choice table.

Question 13. Why Does Boundary Value Analysis Provide Appropriate Test Cases?


This is because mistakes often occur during the program's design of the various situations around the array's boundaries.

Question 14. What is Test Coverage?


Test coverage quantifies the amount of testing performed by a routine collection of tests in some particular manner (derived in some other way, e.g. using requirements-based methods). Wherever we can count items and determine whether or not each item has been validated by some test, we may calculate coverage.

Question 15. What is the Concept of Defect Cascading?


Defect Cascading is those that are caused by another fault in the same application. In this case, the flaw appeals to the application's other fault. When a fault exists at any level but is not identified, it may progress undetected to subsequent phases. This will result in a significant increase in the number of faults.


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