Maven is a simple build automation tool which is basically used with java projects. Maven is also defined as a comprehensive project management tool. It aims to provide the developers a complete and detailed build life cycle framework of an application.
Maven also ease up the task of developers in checking a build status, generating reports (basically javadocs) and setting up the automated build process and monitor the same.
The ease of source code compilation, distribution, documentation, collaboration with different teams and other vital tasks are seamless by using maven.
Maven aims to describe 2 important things :
The maven can also be used in building & managing the projects written using C#, ruby and other programming languages as well.
Maven was initially designed and developed by the Jakarta turbine project. At the later point of time, the Apache group developed the Maven to such an extent to support developing & building multiple projects together, publishing those projects, deploying them and generating the reports.
The JARs/WARs of any maven project can be shared across any distributed environments.