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User Login with Remember Me Feature

In this topic, we will learn to use the remember-me feature of Spring Security. It allows a user to remember even after the session is closed. It performs automatic login by using the stored cookies.

An application that has a remember-me feature, stores a cookie in the browser which is used to identify the user and avoid entering the user credentials each time to log in. So what we need to do is just simply use the rememberMe() method in the configure() method of SecurityConfig class. Add this to the configuration file of your spring security project.

.rememberMe()  
   .key("rem-me-key")  
   .rememberMeParameter("remember")  
   .rememberMeCookieName("rememberlogin")  
   .tokenValiditySeconds(200)  

Time for an Example

Now, let's understand by example. We created a maven-based Spring Security project that contains the following files.

// AppConfig.java

This is our application configuration file that implements WebMvcConfugurer interface to make this MVC application and created a method viewResolver to map our views files(JSP).

The @EnableWebMvc annotation is used to make our application a web application with an MVC pattern.

The @Configuration annotation is used to declare this class as a configuration class and the @ComponentScan annotation is used to scan the component class of our application.

package com.studytonight;

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.ComponentScan;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.ViewResolver;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.EnableWebMvc;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.WebMvcConfigurer;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver;

@EnableWebMvc
@Configuration
@ComponentScan("com.studytonight.controller")
public class AppConfig implements WebMvcConfigurer{
	@Bean
	public ViewResolver viewResolver() {
		InternalResourceViewResolver irvr = new InternalResourceViewResolver();
		irvr.setPrefix("WEB-INF/views/");
		irvr.setSuffix(".jsp");
		irvr.setOrder(0);
		return irvr;
	}
}

// MainApp.java

This class initializes our web application and creates ServletContext by using that we register our AppConfig class(above file).

package com.studytonight;

import javax.servlet.ServletContext;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.ServletRegistration;
import org.springframework.web.WebApplicationInitializer;
import org.springframework.web.context.support.AnnotationConfigWebApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet;
public class MainApp implements WebApplicationInitializer {

	@Override
	public void onStartup(ServletContext servletContext) throws ServletException {
		System.out.println("started");
		AnnotationConfigWebApplicationContext context = new AnnotationConfigWebApplicationContext();
		context.register(AppConfig.class);
		context.setServletContext(servletContext);
		ServletRegistration.Dynamic servlet = servletContext.addServlet("dispatcher", new DispatcherServlet(context));
		servlet.setLoadOnStartup(1);
		servlet.addMapping("/");
		context.close();	
	}
}

// SecurityAppInitializer.java

This is the Security initializer class that extends AbstractSecurityWebApplicationInitializer and we passed our SecurityConfig class so that it can read security configurations.

package com.studytonight;

import org.springframework.security.web.context.AbstractSecurityWebApplicationInitializer;
public class SecurityAppInitializer extends AbstractSecurityWebApplicationInitializer {

	public SecurityAppInitializer() {
		super(SecurityConfig.class);
	}
}

// SecurityConfig.java

This is our security configuration file that extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter class and provides several methods such as configure() to configure the security. Spring Security provides AuthenticationManagerBuilder class that works as an Authentication Manager and provides several methods to authenticate the user. Here, we are using inMemoryAuthentication concept that allows mapping hard-coded user values.

We used HttpSecurity class to configure the remember-me in our application. The rememberMe() method is used to remember the user for the time specified by the tokenValiditySeconds() method. The rememberMeParameter() method refers to the name of the checked box used to tic as remember me and rememberMeCookieName() method refers to the name of cookie which is stored in the browser and can be searched with this name in the browser.

package com.studytonight;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.authentication.builders.AuthenticationManagerBuilder;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.builders.HttpSecurity;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.configuration.EnableWebSecurity;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.configuration.WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter;
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.User;
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.User.UserBuilder;

@Configuration
@EnableWebSecurity
public class SecurityConfig extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter{

	@Autowired
	protected void configure(AuthenticationManagerBuilder auth) throws Exception {
		UserBuilder user = User.withDefaultPasswordEncoder();
		auth.inMemoryAuthentication()
		.withUser(user.username("studytonight").password("abc123").roles("USER"));
	}

	@Autowired
	protected void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
		http.authorizeRequests().anyRequest()
		.authenticated()
		.and()
		.formLogin().permitAll()
		.and()
		.rememberMe()  
		   .key("rem-me-key")  
		   .rememberMeParameter("remember")  
		   .rememberMeCookieName("rememberlogin")  
		   .tokenValiditySeconds(200);
	}
}

// UserController.java

This is our controller class that works as a user request handler and maps user requests with the resources and returns responses accordingly. We created the login() method to render the login page and the home() method to show the index.jsp page and course() method to display course.jsp page.

package com.studytonight.controller;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;

@Controller
public class UserController {

	@GetMapping("/")  
	public String home() {
		return "index";
	}

	@GetMapping("/java-course")
	public String course() {
		return "course";
	}

	@GetMapping("/premium-courses")
	public String premiumCourse() {
		return "premium-courses";
	}
}

View Files

These are views files of our project that displayed to the browser. See the code.

// course.jsp

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8"
	pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<title>Course Page</title>
</head>
<body>
	<h2>List of Courses</h2>
	<ul>
		<li>Java</li>
		<li>Python</li>
		<li>C++</li>
		<li>Linux</li>
	</ul>
</body>
</html>

// index.jsp

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8"
	pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
	<%@ taglib prefix="form" uri="http://www.springframework.org/tags/form"%>
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<title>Home Page</title>
</head>
<body>
	<h2>Welcome to Studytonight!</h2>
	
	<h3>
		<a href="java-course">Study Java</a>
	</h3>
	
	<h2>
		<a href="premium-courses">Study Premium Courses</a>
	</h2>
	
	<br><br>
	<form:form
		action="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/logout"
		method="post">
		<input type="submit" value="logout">
	</form:form>
</body>
</html>

// premium-course.jsp

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8"
	pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<title>Course Page</title>
</head>
<body>
	<h2>List of Premium Courses</h2>
	<ul>
		<li>Spring Framework</li>
		<li>Pandas</li>
		<li>Spring Security</li>
	</ul>
</body>
</html>

// unauthorized-user.jsp

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8"
    pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<title>Unauthorized Page</title>
</head>
<body>
<h2>Error: You are not Authorized to access this Page</h2>
</body>
</html>

// pom.xml

This file contains all the dependencies of this project such as spring jars, servlet jars, etc. Put these dependencies into your project to run the application.

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 https://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
	<groupId>com.studytonight</groupId>
	<artifactId>SpringSecurityRememberMe</artifactId>
	<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
	<packaging>war</packaging>
	<properties>
		<spring.version>5.2.8.RELEASE</spring.version>
	</properties>
	<dependencies>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>
			<version>${spring.version}</version>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
			<version>${spring.version}</version>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
			<version>${spring.version}</version>
		</dependency>
		<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/javax.servlet/servlet-api -->
		<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/javax.servlet/javax.servlet-api -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
			<artifactId>javax.servlet-api</artifactId>
			<version>4.0.1</version>
		</dependency>

		<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/javax.servlet.jsp/javax.servlet.jsp-api -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>javax.servlet.jsp</groupId>
			<artifactId>javax.servlet.jsp-api</artifactId>
			<version>2.3.3</version>
		</dependency>
		<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/javax.servlet.jsp.jstl/jstl-api -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>javax.servlet.jsp.jstl</groupId>
			<artifactId>jstl-api</artifactId>
			<version>1.2</version>
		</dependency>


		<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/javax.xml.bind/jaxb-api -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>javax.xml.bind</groupId>
			<artifactId>jaxb-api</artifactId>
			<version>2.3.0</version>
		</dependency>
		<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.springframework.security/spring-security-web -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.security</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-security-web</artifactId>
			<version>5.4.2</version>
		</dependency>
		<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.springframework.security/spring-security-config -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.security</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-security-config</artifactId>
			<version>5.4.2</version>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>
	<build>
		<plugins>
			<plugin>
				<artifactId>maven-war-plugin</artifactId>
				<version>3.2.3</version>
				<configuration>
					<warSourceDirectory>WebContent</warSourceDirectory>
				</configuration>
			</plugin>
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
				<artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
				<version>3.5.1</version>
				<configuration>
					<source>11</source>
					<target>11</target>
				</configuration>
			</plugin>
		</plugins>
	</build>
</project>

Project Structure

After creating these files our project will look like the below. You can refer to this to understand the directory structure of the project.

Run the Application

After successfully completing the project and adding the dependencies run the application and you will get the output as below.

This is our own login page that will be submitted to /authenticeTheUser URL and match the username and password with the credentials provided in the SecurityConfig.java file.

Verify the Cookies

See it stores the cookie that we set in the SecurityConfig file. It has the same name that we set and a token in encrypted form and expiring life of the cookie.