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C++ Determine if the Number is Prime or Composite

Hello Everyone!

In this tutorial, we will learn how to check if the given number if Prime or Composite, in the C++ programming language.


#include <iostream>
#include <math.h>

using namespace std;

//Returns true if the given number is a Prime number
bool isPrime(int n)
    if (n == 1)
        return false; // as 1 is not a prime number

    for (int i = 2; i <= sqrt(n); i++) // Complexity O(SquareRoot(n))
        if (n % i == 0)
            return false;

    return true;

int main()
    cout << "\n\nWelcome to Studytonight :-)\n\n\n";
    cout << " ===== Most Efficient Program to determine if the entered number is Prime or not. ===== \n\n";

    cout << " ===== Note: 1 is neither Prime nor Composite. ===== \n\n";

    //variable declaration
    int n;
    bool prime = false;

    //taking input from the command line (user)
    cout << " Enter a positive integer other than 1 :  ";
    cin >> n;

    //Calling a method that returns true if the number is Prime
    prime = isPrime(n);

    if (prime)
        cout << "\n\nThe entered number " << n << " is a Prime number.";
        cout << "\n\nThe entered number " << n << " is Composite number.";

    cout << "\n\n\n";

    return 0;


C++ prime or composite number program output

Let's try with another input,

C++ prime or composite number program output

We hope that this post helped you develop a better understanding of how to check if given number is Prime or Composite, in C++. For any query, feel free to reach out to us via the comments section down below.

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About the author:
Nikita Pandey is a talented author and expert in programming languages such as C, C++, and Java. Her writing is informative, engaging, and offers practical insights and tips for programmers at all levels.