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C++ Program to Find the Smallest and Largest element in an Array

Hello Everyone!

In this tutorial, we will learn about Finding the Smallest and the Largest element in an Array, in the C++ programming language.

To learn about the Array Container in STL, we will recommend you to visit:, where we have discussed it in detail.

The below given commented code will help you to understand this concept.


#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

int findMinimum(int a[], int n)
    int mn = a[0]; //initializing minimum

    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) // complexity O(n)
        mn = min(mn, a[i]); //everytime storing the minimum among the current minimum and the current element
    return mn;

int findMaximum(int a[], int n)
    int mx = a[0]; //initializing maximum

    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) // complexity O(n)
        mx = max(mx, a[i]); //everytime storing the maximum among the current maximum and the current element
    return mx;

int main()
    cout << "\n\nWelcome to Studytonight :-)\n\n\n";
    cout << " =====  Program to find the Minimum and Maximum element in an Array ===== \n\n";

    int n;

    cout << " Enter the size of the array: ";
    cin >> n;

    int arr[n], i, pos;

    cout << "\n\n Enter the " << n << " elements of the array: \n\n";
    for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
        cin >> arr[i];

    //Printing the original array before deletion
    cout << "\n\n The " << n << " elements of the array are : ";
    for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
        cout << arr[i] << "  ";

    //Calling a method to find the smallest element
    int mn = findMinimum(arr, n);

    //Calling a method to find the largest element
    int mx = findMaximum(arr, n);

    cout << "\n\n\nThe Smallest element in the entered array is: " << mn;

    cout << "\n\nThe Largest element in the entered array is: " << mx << "\n\n\n";

    return 0;


C++ Min and Max of array

We hope that this post helped you develop better understanding of the concept of finding the smallest and the largest element in an array, in C++. For any query, feel free to reach out to us via the comments section down below.

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About the author:
Nikita Pandey is a talented author and expert in programming languages such as C, C++, and Java. Her writing is informative, engaging, and offers practical insights and tips for programmers at all levels.