A remote repository(also called remote) is a shared central repository where developers can push and pull changes. Git provides us with the Git Remote command which can be used to work with remote repositories. We have the Git Push and the Git Pull commands that can be used to push or pull changes but first, we need to create a connection using the Git Remote command. Let's learn how to use this command.
Git Remote Command
The Git Remote command is used to establish connections with remote repositories. This makes it very easy to push and pull changes and work with commands like Git Push, Git Pull, and Git Fetch. It also allows us to have better and more intuitive names for the remote repositories(like origin), instead of using their direct URLs. Let's learn how to use this command to create and modify remote connections.
Creating New Remotes
We can create a new remote connection by using the add option with the Git Remote command. We need to specify the name that we want to give to the remote and also the URL where the repository resides.
$ git remote add <remote-name> <remote-repo-URL>
Viewing Existing Remotes
We can view the remote connections of our local repository with remote repositories by using the Git Remote command. Simply run the GIt Remote command without any flags or options to view these remotes.
$ git remote
We also have the -v flag or the --verbose option which will also tell us the URLs of the remote repositories in addition to the remote names. It also tells us the URLs where changes will be pushed and from where the changes will be fetched.
$ git remote -v
To view even more information about remotes like the branches present, the HEAD position, etc., we can use the show option with the command.
$ git remote show <remote-name>
To remove a remote, use the rm option with the Git Remote command and pass the name of the remote that you wish to delete.
$ git remote rm <remote-name>
We can also rename an existing remote by using the rename option with the Git Remote command. Pass the old remote name and the new name with the command.
$ git remote rename <old-remote-name> <new-remote-name>
Changing Remote URL
Sometimes we may migrate our remote repository to a new URL. In such cases, we must also update our remote connections on the local repository to make sure that we are pushing and pulling changes from the correct repository. Use the set-url option to change the URL of an existing remote.
$ git remote set-url <remote-name> <new-remote-URL>
These are the most important flags and options that we will often use with the Git Remote command. Let's see a practical demo to understand these commands better.
First, we will create a new remote connection by using the add option. We will name this remote demo.
Next, let's view this remote by using the Git Remote -v command. We can see the remote name and the repository URL by using this option.
We can also view additional information by using the show option.
Let's now rename this remote. After renaming, we can verify whether it was renamed by simply running the Git Remote command.
We can easily push and pull from the remote repository by using this remote name. For now, let's just remove this remote.
We will be working with remote repositories quite often and we must know how to connect our local repository to the remote repository. We use the Git Remote command to establish remote connections. This helps us to push and pull changes and also allows us to give convenient names to remote URLs. Git Remote has a lot of other options to modify and manipulate remotes. We learned how to create, view, rename and remove remotes in our local repository.